What is a Minimum Viable Product? And how to create an MVP

9 minutes to read • Last updated 26 February 2021 • Published 23 March 2020 • App development, Digital strategy, Web development

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    An MVP – or Minimum Viable Product – sounds likes yet another three letter acronym to get your heads around, in the increasingly complex world of app development. 

    But in actual fact, MVP stands for a concept that you would be well advised to give some serious thought to, long before you start the process of developing an app or a website.

    An MVP will allow you to quickly build and launch your product, and enter a market to test the viability of your business plan.

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    So what is an MVP? And how do you go about building an MVP for your business?

    Contents

    How to create an MVP

    1. Define the vision for your MVP

      An MVP will allow you to learn more about your end-user and the market you wish to enter as you test your assumptions.

    2. Plan what you want to learn from your MVP

      An MVP will also set the stage for future iterations of development and clarify the sequential steps to take in the project

    3. Make the business case for your MVP

      An MVP can also be used to showcase business potential and win stakeholder buy-in.

    4. Plan the build and launch process of your MVP

      As well as the design and build of your MVP, you need to plan how you will enter the market.

    5. Identify any pain points and risk of failure

      You must fully understand what your competitors are already doing in this field.

    6. Select a development partner to design and build your MVP

      Find the right app development company to help you. They must have an emphasis on UX design.

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    1. Define the vision for your MVP

    MVP stands for minimal viable product which, as Amit Manchanda suggests, “is exactly what it says on the label: the product in its smallest, least featureful avatar that has just the basics, and only those functionalities, that demonstrate your product.”

    Chris Ciligot adds “MVP development follows a build-measure-learn process, which allows you to release a product that can be continually improved as you validate (or invalidate) assumptions, learn what users want, and build future iterations of your app that better serve your customers.”

    2. Plan what you want to learn from your MVP

    Eric Ries, author of The Lean Startup, actively promotes the benefits of an MVP, suggesting that “Minimum Viable Product is that version of a new product which allows a team to collect the maximum amount of validated learning about customers with the least effort.”

    Ciligot identifies three reasons for creating an MVP: 

    • an MVP will allow you to learn more about your end-user and the market you wish to enter as you test your assumptions
    • an MVP will also set the stage for future iterations of development and clarify the sequential steps to take in the project – whether that’s changing directions entirely, or continuing down your set development path
    • an MVP can also be used to showcase business potential and win stakeholder buy-in

    3. Make the business case for your MVP

    Creating an MVP allows the business to launch quickly, with a small budget. And importantly, start learning early on what works – and what needs more work. With a minimum of risk.

    An MVP therefore helps you find a balance between what you offer as a business to your customers and what your customers actually want themselves. 

    The benefits of creating an MVP are threefold: 

    a. Validate early

    With early launch, you get early market feedback to iterate and control your product evolution. 

    Is your app right for your target market? Creating an MVP allows you to test it earlier, with little financial and time risks in order to assess whether or not you get the green light to develop further. 

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    b. Launch faster

    Focus on building a set of core features that solve a definite product problem and allow you to go to market faster with your idea. 

    This means that, with a slimmed down version for testing, there is less development time required, meaning you can launch in a fraction of the time it would take to development the all singing and dancing vision you have in your head!

    c. Save money

    Save valuable time and money by prioritizing the most important features – and shelving the new and useless.

    By gathering user intelligence and feedback, you will have a much clearer idea about which features are most valued and which can be set to one side. 

    4. Plan the build and launch process of your MVP

    We have 4 useful steps when it comes to designing an MVP: 

    a: Identify and understand your business and market needs

    Essentially, this first step requires you to establish a business case for your app as well as fully understand what your competitors are already doing in this field. Only once you know exactly what the competition is doing can you articulate how your product will be different – and better.

    b: Map out user journey(s)

    Customer journey mapping is widely accepted as a powerful tool for visualising the customer journey and something we have already covered in detail in our previous article How to get started with customer journey mapping.

    c: Create a pain and gain map

    Ciligot suggests that creating a pain and gain map “allows you to identify all user pain points and the gains the user achieves when each is addressed. This tactic lets you determine where you have the greatest potential to add value. You are then able to focus your MVP in these areas while adding the less impactful ones to your product roadmap for future releases.”

    d: Decide what features to build

    It is recommended here that you give serious thought to what the user want versus what the user might need, in order to help Identify and prioritize features.  

    Ciligot recommends that you “keep in mind, implementing too many user-requested features too soon can harm the user experience and take away from the overall purpose of the product. The only features you should include should be connected to your product’s overall goal.”

    5. Identify any pain points and risk of failure

    We all know that launching a new start up is inherently risky – 29% of startups fail as they run out of cash.

    See also →  Getting started with mobile app marketing funnels

    Whereas, done well, startups that scale properly grow 20 times faster than those that scale prematurely.

    We also know that the popularity of mobile apps is increasing year on year – in fact, mobile apps are projected to hit $188.9 billion in revenue by 2020 – up from just $88billion in 2016 (Statista).

    And the benefits of a mobile app over a responsive e-commerce website are well established, including the fact that mobile apps:

    • are faster
    • make it easy to cater for personalized experiences
    • offer instant online and offline access
    • can be coded into utilizing various features of a native device (e.g. the camera to scan PFDs, QR and Bar codes, GPS to connect with maps etc.) 
    • allow push notifications and instant updates
    • allow users to experience two-way immersive experience

    So logic would suggest that there is likely to be a demand for your mobile app, assuming you have researched your audience and tailored your app to their specific requirements.

    See also →  How to build an income from a mobile app business

    It is worth remembering that, as we have covered in a previous article, you can create a mobile app on a tiny budget. It needn’t cost the earth – and an MVP should ensure that you get the best product in return for your investment. 

    6. Select a development partner to design and build your MVP

    When it comes to mobile app development, an MVP is the basic version of a mobile application. 

    A new product is developed, complete with essential functionality, in order to test out how a target audience responds to it. 

    Only once this feedback has been gathered and understood will the actual app, complete with full features and functionality, be built – and retested. 

    The MVP development process for a mobile app should be seen as analogous with creating a slice (jam and all) of what will, in time, become the full cake – rather than thinking of building the Victoria sandwich cake up just one layer at a time.

    FAQ

    What does MVP mean?

    MVP stands for Minimum Viable Product, and it means the simplest possible version of your product. which you can develop quickly for testing purposes and to enter the market rapidly.

    What is MVP in project management?

    Minimum Viable Product is a term commonly used in project management and the agile methodology. It refers to the most basic version of your product which contain the minimum necessary features to be commercially viable.

    How do you create an MVP?

    If you do not have the skill set in-house, you should work closely with a product development company who will be able to help you map out the USP of your product as an MVP, and then design and build it for you.

    How long should an MVP take?

    Designing, developing and launching your MVP will commonly take 4-12 weeks, depending on the features of the product.

    What is Minimum Viable Product?

    An MVP is the first version of a product (such as as a mobile app or SaaS web app) which contains the most basic features possible, in order to launch quickly into the commercial market.

    How do I market my MVP?

    Marketing of an MVP will depend on the type of product, the target audience and sector in which you operate, but check out our app marketing guide for more information.

    How much does it cost to build an MVP?

    The cost of developing an MVP will depend a lot on the specific features, but expect to pay anything from £5,000 to £100,000 or more.

    What makes a good MVP?

    A successful MVP is one that does a good job of translating the product’s USP (unique selling points) into user-friendly and helpful features.

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